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Medical repatriation of migrant farm workers in Ontario: a descriptive analysis




Background Approximately 40 000 migrant farm workers are employed annually in Canada through temporary foreign worker programs. Workers experiencing health conditions that prevent ongoing work are normally repatriated to their home country, which raises concerns about human rights and health equity. In this study, we present data on the reasons for medical repatriation of migrant farm workers in Ontario.

Methods In this retrospective descriptive study, we examined medical repatriation data from Foreign Agricultural Resource Management Services, a non-profit corporation managing the contracts of more than 15 000 migrant farm workers in Ontario annually. We extracted repatriation and demographic data for workers from 2001–2011. Physician volunteers used a validated system to code the reported reasons for medical repatriation. We conducted descriptive analyses of the dominant reasons for repatriation and rates of repatriation.

Results During 2001–2011, 787 repatriations occurred among 170 315 migrant farm workers arriving in Ontario (4.62 repatriations per 1000 workers). More than two-thirds of repatriated workers were aged 30–49 years. Migrant farm workers were most frequently repatriated for medical or surgical reasons (41.3%) and external injuries including poisoning (25.5%).

Interpretation This study provides quantitative health data related to a unique and vulnerable occupational group. Our findings reinforce existing knowledge regarding occupational hazards and health conditions among migrant farm workers. Medical repatriation of migrant farm workers merits further examination as a global health equity concern.

Journal title






Page numbers



Canadian Medical Association or its licensors


Mga Keyword

agriculture, mobility, Labour geography, Migrant farm workers, Precarity, Tobacco, Medical repatriation, Health equity

Pang-ekonomiyang sektor

Agriculture and horticulture workers

Mga Uri ng Nilalaman

Policy analysis, Statistics on work and life conditions, and Current Policy

Target na mga grupo

Mambabatas, Pampublikong Kamalayan, and NGO / komunidad group / network ng pagkakaisa

Geographical kaugnayan


Spheres ng aktibidad

Health Sciences and Karapatan