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Picking Up the Pieces: Examining the Long Term Effects of Family Separation on Pinay Migrant Mothers and Adult Daughters




Conely De Leon


The Philippines is considered one of the largest organized exporters of human labour in the world. Currently, the outflow of migrant workers from the Philippines to over 190 countries across the globe has left over nine million children without parents. This means that over nine million children have personally experienced the trauma of family separation. To understand the devastating long-term consequences of separation on Filipino families, I take as my case study three Pinay mothers who have migrated to Canada under the Foreign Domestic Movement and their adult daughters. The key purpose of this thesis is to open up a deeper discussion around family separation and reunification amongst Pinays who have settled in Canada. It is intended to push the boundaries of what we may already know or think we know about Filipina women in Canada, thereby establishing a more nuanced and heterogeneous understanding of Pinay lives.


University of Toronto

Academic department

Social Sciences

Place published



Economic sectors

Occupations in services - Domestic work, Sales and service occupations - general, and Home support workers, housekeepers and related occupations

Content types

Policy analysis and Statistics on work and life conditions

Target groups


Geographical focuses

Quebec, Philippines, and National relevance

Spheres of activity

Psychology and Sociology