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Newspaper article

Nanny sues recruiter, wins $10,000

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Dale Brazao

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Toronto Star

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A foreign caregiver brought to Canada with a job offer from a "ghost employer" has been awarded $10,000 in damages in what is believed to be the first-ever court victory against a nanny recruiter.

Marivic Perlas Rivera, 29 -- who's now working in Hamilton for a family with three children -- told a small claims court judge she paid $2,800 to Winlorfely Caregiver Providers "to find me a legal employer in Canada as a live-in caregiver."

But upon arrival from Hong Kong last November, Rivera was told her would-be employer, Wayne Smith, whom she has never met or even spoken to, was no longer interested in her services and she was "released on arrival."

A Torstar services investigation over the past year found numerous cases where nannies were paid high fees to come to Canada on the promise of a job, but none materialized.

After six months of looking unsuccessfully for a job she could legally do under immigration rules, Rivera sued recruiters Winston James and his wife, Lory Felipe, who run the Winlorfely agency out of their rented basement apartment in Scarborough.

"If they didn't have an employer for me, they should have told me the truth before I left Hong Kong," Rivera said. "This was a ghost employer."

Judge Julie Hannaford agreed with Rivera, awarding her $10,000, the maximum allowed in small claims court, plus $300 in costs. She also tacked on interest at 2 per cent.

Calling the Nov. 17 award for damages "unjust," Winston James told the Star he's thinking of appealing. The judge, he said, didn't buy his story that Rivera arrived early and her employer was not in a position to hire her at the time.

Rivera was offered other jobs in the GTA but turned them down, he said, acknowledging she did not have the federal work permits required to work legally for those employers.

As for Wayne Smith, he is not a ghost, said James of the recruiting company. Smith "lives across from me," James said.

Reached on the phone, Smith said he did hire Rivera but "the story you are working on is not the way it sounds." Smith then refused further comment.

A Filipina national who holds a college degree in accounting, Rivera worked as a domestic helper in Hong Kong for 20 months before being recruited by Winston's sister-in -law, Fely Felipe.

Documents filed with the small claims court show Rivera was directed to deposit $1,400 into "PPJ Fire and Safety," a TD Canada Trust account belonging to James. She paid an additional $1,400 before she arrived in Canada on Nov. 10, 2008.

James picked her up at Pearson International and took her to his Scarborough home, she said.

Rivera said James admitted after three days he had no employer for her.

"I started crying. I don't know where to go, I don't know where to start," she said. "I have a lot of bills to pay. My kids depend on the money I send, and my husband was not working."

James took her to a job interview in Brampton that would pay $200 a week, far below the minimum wage and the $9.25 an hour she had been promised in her contract with Smith.

She refused to take it because it would mean working illegally, she said.

James then handed her over to another recruiter in Thornhill who housed her in "one room in the basement with eight other nannies in the same situation as me."

That recruiter lined up interviews for her with a single mother who admitted she could not afford a nanny, and with a family of 13 adults, none of whom had children.

"They all wanted me to work right away. I said I don't want to work without permit. I want a legal employer because I did not want to get in trouble with immigration."

Angry at how she had been treated, and desperate to find legal work, Rivera turned to the Canadian Coalition for In-Home Care who helped her sue the agency.

"This case is significant because most Filipina ladies in this situation are afraid to come forward," said Marna Martin, chair of Immigration and Labour issues for the non-profit organization. "This is the first case we're aware of where a nanny has gotten judgment against an agency."

A yearlong Star investigation highlighted much of that abuse including nannies paying between $5,000 and $10,000 placement fees for bogus job offers from phantom employers.

Provincial legislation banning all fees for nannies coming to work in Ontario is currently before Queen's Park and is expected to pass before Christmas.


fees, agency, Caregiver provider, ghost job

Economic sectors

Home child care providers and Home support workers, housekeepers and related occupations

Content types

Documented cases of abuse

Geographical focuses